大学英语四六级写作常见的九种句法过错

一、指代不清指代不清主要指代词与被指代的人或物关系不清,或者先后所用的代词不一致。

例1:Mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted her to be her bridesmaid.玛丽和我姐姐很要好,因为她要她做她的伴娘。解析:读完上面这一句话,读者无法明确地判断两位姑娘中谁将成婚,谁将当伴娘。假如我们把容易引起误解的代词加以明确,意思就一目了然了。改为:Mary was friendly to my sister because she wanted my sister to be her bridesmaid.

例2:And we can also know the society by serving it yourself.我们还可以通过亲自参加、体验的方式了解社会。解析:句中人称代词we和反身代词yourself指代不一致。改为:And we can also know the society by serving it ourselves.

二、修饰语错位英语与汉语不同,同一个修饰语放在句子中不同的方位,可能会引起句子意义的变化。这一点常被同学们所忽视,因此形成了没必要要的误解。

例:I believe I can do it well and l will better know the world outside the campus.我相信我会做得很好,并且我将对校园外的世界有更好的了解。解析:better方位不妥,应置于句末。改为:I believe I can do it well and l will know the world outside the campus better.

三、词性误用词性误用常体现为:介词错用为动词,描述词错用为副词,名词错用为动词等。

例:They earn some money so that they can independence.他们挣钱是为了自立。解析:independence是名词,句中误用为动词。改为:They earn some money so that they can be independent.

四、句子不完好在口语中,外交两边可借助手势、语气等来了解对方的意思,不完好的句子也完全可以被了解。但是书面语就不同了,句子结构不完好会令意思表达不清,这常常发生在主句写完今后,学生又想加些补充说明的状况下。

例:There are many ways to know the society. For example, by TV, radio,newspaper and soon.了解社会的途径有很多,比如,可以通过电视、播送、报纸,等等。解析:本段后半部分“For example,by TV,radio,newspaper and so on.”不是一个完好的句子,仅为一些不连接的词语,不能独立成句。改为:There are many ways to know society,for example,by TV,radio,and newspaper.

五、主谓不一致英语的谓语动词在人称和数上有必要与主语坚持一致。因为受汉语的影响,许多同学在写作时常常疏忽句子的主谓一致关系,从而形成过错。

例:Once one have money,he can do what he want to do.人一旦有了钱,他就可以想干什么就干什么。解析:one是奇数第三人称,因此本句的have应改为has;同理,want应改为wants,本句是典型的主谓不一致。改为:Once one has money,he can do what he wants to do.

六、累赘同学们在写书面表达时应尽量做到简洁:写句子没有一个多余的词,写段落没有一个多余的句子;能用单词的就不用词组,能用词组的就不用从句或句子。